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General Glossary

Ai

Harmony

Ai Hammi

Nage and uke stand facing each other in the same hanmi

Aikido

Way of harmonizing with the ki of the universe

Atemi

Technique of punching / striking by nage

Bokken

Wooden sword

Deshi

Student

Do

Way, path, a practice striving for perfection

Dojo

The place where students practice and learn together

Dojo Kiku

Rules and regulations of dojo

En Undo

A circular motion

Gi

Clothes, Aikido suit

Gyaku hanmi

Nage and uke face each other in opposite hanmi

Hajime

Start

Hanmi

Half body; A posture in which one foot is advanced half a step forward

Hara

a) Abdomen b) Spirit, courage

Hitori Waza

Solo technique

Hyoshigi

Wooden clappers

Jo

Wooden staff

Jo Bukuru

 Bag in which tanto, boken and jo are kept

Ken

Sword

Kenkodo

Way of health

Kenkyukai

Ki society

Ki

Something unclear

Ki No Tanto

Wooden knife

Kumi Waza

Technique with a partner

Ma-ai

Correct distance between nage and uke

Nage

Thrower, throw

Obi

Belt

Rei

Bow

Sensei

Instructor, teacher

Shinsa

Examination

Shomen

Front, wall where Ki sign hangs

Shugyo

Spiritual training

Tachi

Sword

Tanto

Knife

Tatami

Mat

Uke

Person who is thrown by nage

Ukemi

Safe ways of falling down

Undo

Exercise

Yame

Stop

Za Rei

Make a bow from sitting posture

                                                                             

 Aikido Glossary

Douchi

Strike from the side

Futari Gake

Two man attack

Goin Gake

Five man attack

Hachi No Ji

Figure of 8

Hantai

Opposite

Hantai Tenkan

After stepping backwards nage steps forward and turns

Irimi

Step forward, after stepping back, nage steps forward in front of uke

Irimi En Undo

Step forward and swing arm in circular motion

Irimi Tobikomi

Step behind uke and turn (Kokyu Nage)

Irimi Ude Oroshi

Step in – swing one arm up then downwards towards Uke’s chest

Jo Dori

Uke attacks with jo

Jo Nage

Nage does techniques with jo on uke

Kata Tori

Uke's right hand holds Nage's left shoulder

Katate Tori

Uke's right hand holds Nage's left wrist

Katate Tori Ryotemochi

Both Uke’s hands hold Nage's left wrist

Katate Tori Shomenuchi

Uke's right hand holds Nage's left shoulder, Uke's left hand strikes down to partners head

Kiri Oroshi

Cut down - lead uke' s ki as if cutting down

Kirigaeshi

Reverse, reverse Uke's direction to throw him

Kirikaeshi Ojigi

Reverse and bow

lrimi Sudori

Step forward and bow in kneeling' position

Mae Geri

Uke kicks to Nage' s front

Makikaeshi

Absorb uke in circular movement and return the force towards him

Maru

A circle

Mawashi Geri

Uke kicks to Nage's side

Michibiki

Lead, guide

Michibiki kaeshi

Lead uke' s ki around and reverse to throw him

Michibiki Kubi Uchi

Lead uke' s ki forward then reverse to strike his neck

Mune Tsuki

Uke strikes (punches) straight forward

Oroshi

Lead down

Ryokatatori

Uke takes with two hands holding, one on each shoulder

Ryote Tori

Uke takes one wrist in each hand

Shiho

Four directions

Shinken

Series of cuts with boken / mind sword

Shomen Uchi

Uke strikes down to Nage's head

Tachi Dori

Uke attacks with boken

Tachi Uchi

Both, boken v boken

Tanto Dori

Nage takes knife from uke with technique

Tekubi Kiri

Cut wrist

Tenkan

Turn, step back

Tobikomi

Jump behind uke

Tori

Grab hold, uke grabs nage

Uragaeshi

Inside out, reverse

Ushiro

Behind

Ushiro Hagai Jime

Pin nage' s arms from behind

Ushiro Hiji Tori

Hold both elbows from behind

Ushiro Ryokata Tori

Uke holds both shoulders from behind

Ushiro Tekubi Tori

Uke holds both wrists from behind

Ushiro Tekubi Tori Kubijime

Uke hand holds one of Nage’s 'wrists, Uke’s other arm around the neck from behind

Ushiro Tori

Bear hug / Uke wraps both arms around Nage' s body from behind

Yoko Barai

Striking continuously from side to side

Yokomen Uchi

Uke strikes' diagonally to partner's head

Yonin Gake

Four man attack

Zagi

Both uke and nage kneeling

Zagi Handachi

One kneeling, one standing

Zenpo Nage

Forward roll after being thrown by nage

 

Japanese Numbers

1

Ichi

2

Ni

3

San

4

Shi

5

Go

6

Roku

7

Shichi

8

Hachi

9

Ku (Kyu)

10

Ju

100

Hyaku

1000

Sen